About Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is the capital and the second largest city of the United Arab Emirates in terms of population. Abu Dhabi has a population of 921,000 in 2013. Abu Dhabi lies on a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western coast.

On 2nd December 1971 Abu Dhabi, together with Dubai and five other states (Sharjah, Ajman, Ras al Khaimah, Fujairah and Um Al Quwain), formed the United Arab Emirates after the former protector, Britain, left the Persian Gulf in 1971.

Abu Dhabi has a hot desert climate. The months of June through September are generally extremely hot and humid with maximum temperatures averaging above 38 °C. During this time, sandstorms occur and in some cases reducing visibility to a few meters. The cooler season is from November to March. This period also sees dense fog on some days. On average, January is the coolest month in the year, while July and August are the hottest.

One of the most important architectural landmarks is the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque. This is one of the most important architectural treasures of UAE. It was initiated by the late president of the UAE, HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. Construction began on 5 November 1996 and the internal prayer halls were initially opened in December 2007.

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